Turkey Libya Agreement Wiki
Posted on: April 14, 2021
In response to these developments, the GNA`s ambassador to Greece, Mohamed Younis Menfi, was summoned to the Greek Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Athens, where he received a seven-day ultimatum to reveal, by 5 December, the agreement signed by his country with Turkey by maritime borders or considered “persona non grata” and expelled from Greece.  The European Union authorities also insisted that the details of the agreement be disclosed.  Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis also met with the Turkish President on the sidelines of the London Summit in 2019 to discuss the issue.  Greek Foreign Minister Dendias revealed that earlier this year, his GNA colleague, Foreign Minister Mohamed Taher Siala, assured the Greek side that Libya would never sign illegal agreements with Turkey that would violate Greece`s sovereign rights.   On 6 December, the GNA ambassador to Athens was expelled from Greece, prompting strong reactions in both GNA and Turkey.   In addition, the Speaker of the Libyan Parliament in Tobruk, Agila Saleh Issa Gwaider, who condemned and rejected the GNA-Turkey agreement, was invited to Athens by the Speaker of the Greek Parliament Konstantinos Tasoulas for talks.  On 6 December 2016, the UN Special Envoy for Libya, Martin Kobler, suggested before the UN Security Council meeting that he was renegotiating the Libyan political agreement, which he said was “not etched in stone”. He later said the agreement was “firm, but established.”  Italy`s claims about Libya date back to Turkey`s defeat to Russia in the 1877-1878 war and the ensuing discussions after the Berlin Congress in 1878, when France and Britain respectively accepted the occupation of Tunisia and Cyprus, parts of the decreasing Ottoman Empire. When Italian diplomats drew attention to possible opposition from their government, the French said That Tripoli had been the equivalent of Italy. Italy reached a secret agreement with Great Britain in February 1887 through an exchange of notes.  It provided that Italy would support Britain and its role in Egypt, while the Italians received British support in Libya.
 In 1902, Italy and France signed a secret treaty granting freedom of intervention in Tripolitaine and Morocco.  The agreement negotiated by Italian Foreign Minister Giulio Prinetti and French Ambassador Camille Barrére was a final point in the historic rivalry between the two nations for control of North Africa. Also in 1902, Britain promised that “any change in Libya`s status would be in line with Italian interests.” These measures were aimed at easing Italy`s commitment to the Triple Alliance, weakening Germany, which France and Britain considered their main rival on the continent. Under the Anglo-Russian Convention and the creation of the Triple Agreement, Tsar Nicholas II and King Viktor Emmanuel III made the Racconigi Agreement in 1909, in which Russia recognized Italy`s interest in Tripoli and Cyrenaica in exchange for Italian support for Russian control of the Bosphorus.  However, the Italian government did little to seize the opportunity, so that knowledge of Libyan territory and resources remained scarce in the following years[The removal of diplomatic obstacles coincided with growing colonial fervor.