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With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, four new independent states – Belarus, Kazakhstan, Russia and Ukraine – both nuclear and carrier strategic systems – were in the territory of four new independent states. Soviet tactical nuclear weapons were even more dispersed. During the first half of 1992, Moscow quickly ensured the return of all tactical nuclear warheads to Russia. Moscow has also concluded bilateral agreements with Belarus and Kazakhstan on the elimination or elimination of strategic nuclear weapons systems on the territory of these countries in a relatively short period of time. Although macro-financial assistance has not explicitly made its recommendation a form, the analysis suggests that it prefers nuclear waiver and membership in the non-proliferation country. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, Ukraine had the world`s third-largest nuclear arsenal on its territory. When the Russian-Ukrainian negotiations on the withdrawal of these weapons from Ukraine in September 1993 appeared to break, the US government conducted a trilateral process with Ukraine and Russia. The result was the trilateral declaration signed in January 1994, in which Ukraine agreed to transfer the nuclear warheads to Russia for elimination. In return, Ukraine received security guarantees from the United States, Russia and the United Kingdom; compensation for the economic value of highly enriched uranium in warheads (which, for nuclear reactors, could be mixed and converted into fuel); Help the United States dismantle missiles, silos, bombers and nuclear infrastructure on its territory. Steven Pifer tells the story of this unique negotiation and describes the main lessons he has learned from it.

The Nuclear Proliferation International History Project is a global network of individuals and institutions that explore international nuclear history through archival documents, oral history interviews and other empirical sources. At the Wilson Center, he is a member of the Wilson Center`s History and Public Policy Program. According to the memorandum[15], Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom have confirmed their recognition that Belarus, Kazakhstan and Ukraine will become parties to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty and will effectively cede their nuclear arsenal to Russia and that they would: bilateral negotiations between Ukraine and Russia addressed these issues in the months following the fall of the Soviet Union. They began to find solutions to some of the issues, but they never came to fruition. The Massandra Summit of September 1993 between Ukrainian President Leonid Kravchuk and Russian President Boris Yeltsin initially seemed to have reached a formula for transferring strategic nuclear warheads to Russia and resolving all related issues. However, the bilateral agreement failed almost immediately. While Ukraine`s political elites defended their previous commitment to disarmament, they were angered by Russian allegations that Soviet nuclear weapons belonged solely to Russia on Ukrainian territory. Ukraine insisted that it be included as an equal party in the Treaty on the Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Weapons (START), signed by the United States and the Soviet Union on 31 July 1991. Negotiations on the centenary of arms control lasted nine years, but 19 days after it was signed, the Soviet Union began its abrupt fall, so the treaty was not ratified. Ukraine`s situation with regard to nuclear weapons used on its territory is unique and has no precedent in history. At the time of the collapse of the former USSR, at least four states (Belarus, Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation and Ukraine) had an indisputable right to be considered as equal atomic states as states of the former Soviet Union… The elimination of strategic nuclear warheads, intercontinental missiles (ICBMs) and strategic bombers in Ukraine has been a big deal for Washington.