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The ISDA Masteragrement, published by the International Swaps and Derivatives Association, is the most widely used master service contract for otC derivatives transactions internationally. It is part of a documentary framework that aims to provide comprehensive and flexible documentation on OVER-the-counter derivatives. The framework consists of a master contract, a calendar, confirmations, definition brochures and credit support documentation. “All transactions are concluded on the basis that this master contract and all confirmations form a single agreement between the parties … and the parties would not make transactions otherwise.┬áSection 2, point (d) of the ISDA executive contract contains provisions that determine the consequences of imposing a tax on a payment made by a party in connection with a transaction. It includes a gross redemption obligation for certain “compensated taxes.” This is in addition to other provisions of the ISDA management contract, such as tax representations contained in ss 3 (e) and 3 (f), companies of ss 4 (a) and 4 (d) and termination events of ss 5b) (ii) and 5 (b) (iii). These provisions are extremely complex and negotiators generally ensure that the result is not the opposite of what was intended. Over-the-counter derivatives are traded between two parties, not through an exchange or intermediary. The size of the over-the-counter market means that risk managers must carefully review traders and ensure that authorized transactions are properly managed. When two parties complete a transaction, they will each receive confirmation explaining their details and referring to the signed agreement.

The terms of the ISDA master contract then cover the transaction. The Captain`s Agreement is a document agreed between two parties, which sets standard conditions for all transactions between these parties. Each time a transaction is concluded, the terms of the framework agreement should not be renegotiated and applied automatically. The framework contract allows the parties to calculate their net financial commitment in over-the-counter transactions, i.e. a party calculates the difference between what it owes to a counterparty under a master contract and what the consideration owes under the same agreement. The principles for resolving the question of whether a person has the power to hire him are not specific to derivatives, they are derived from the traditional law of the agencies. In essence, the relevant circumstances should be examined to determine whether the person had the real or obvious power to engage him in the transaction. It is customary for the parties to exchange lists of authorized signatories of persons authorized to make confirmations and mention them in the schedule of the ISDA master contract. This does not mean, however, that this is a determination of the question of authority and that a person who is not on one of these lists may be entitled to sign a confirmation.

As part of market practice, this issue is dealt with on the condition that institutions are responsible for their own internal licensing issues and that anyone able to conduct OVER-the-counter derivatives transactions has the obvious power to do so.