B. CHECKS AND BALANCES. These are constitutional mechanisms by which each branch of government shares power with the other branches, so that no branch can become absolute. Each branch “checks” the others because it is balanced with another source of power. 2. CHECKS AND BALANCES. Many government authorities or agencies have sufficient powers to control the powers of other agencies. Checks and balances may include the power of judicial review – the power of the courts to declare the actions of other branches of government unconstitutional and therefore non-agreeable. A. FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS. The protection of certain fundamental rights or fundamental rights is the government`s priority. These rights may be limited to life, liberty and property, or they may be extended to economic and social rights such as employment, health care and education. Documents such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter of Human Rights and Human Rights count and explain these rights.

3. CONFEders. In a confederation, a league of independent states, which retain full sovereignty, agrees to allow a central government to perform certain functions, but the central government cannot legislate for individuals without the consent of the Member States. 1.LA CIVILITY, which means treating others with respect as individuals who are by nature a consideration, regardless of their positions on political issues. Courtesy means sticking to generally accepted standards of discuration, when we participate in public debates, move away from vituperation and personal attacks, and respect the right of others to be heard. Parliamentary systems require members of the Prime Minister`s Office to be members of the legislative branch (Parliament). The Prime Minister is the head of government, but not the head of state. A separate incumbent, either a constitutional monarch or a “president,” is head of state. 1. POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY.

The people are the ultimate source of authority of the government and their sovereignty is reflected in the daily realities of the political system. C. CIVIC CHARACTER TRAITS. Certain characteristics of public and private character contribute to the Constitution. Although there is no common list of civic characteristics essential to constitutional democracy, the following characteristics are generally accepted. C. LIMITED REGIERUNG. Government powers are limited by law and by a written or non-written constitution, to which the rulers obey.